Liber Al vel Legis Commentary # 1


By Frater K.·. D.·. B.·.


This first in an ongoing series of commentaries will focus on the following verses from The Book of the Law, Liber Al vel Legis :

  • I:3 - Every man and every woman is a star.
  • I:40 - Do what thou wilt shall be the whole of the Law.
  • III: 60 - There is no law beyond Do what thou wilt.
  • I:57 - Love is the law, love under will.
  • I:34 - The Law is for all.
  • II:66 - Write & find ecstasy in writing!



Throughout my various magickal writings here in the Maybe Quarterly, I have promulgated Thelema at every opportunity. My reasoning is quite simple, as it had been my adherence to the philosophical underpinnings of Thelema that had developed my strong Will, which benefited me at crucial times in my life, and provided me with a moral compass by which I would conduct my life. During my wife's pregnancy, it was magick that helped to protect my son, who is now a healthy and intellectually-advanced twenty-month old who is fascinated with Daddy's magickal library, and the many other magickal tools and implements in my possession.

Many people over the years have asked me if I could explain to them the meaning of the Thelemic Book of the Law , which of course, cannot be done in a single sitting. This book, received through a process called automatic writing, contains much symbolism, allegory, ciphers, puzzles, and riddles in its' pages. Part of the fun was figuring out what it all meant, especially the cipher that appears in II:76, and the grid puzzle in III:47.

However, the most intriguing of all these curious aspects of The Book of the Law concerns the so-called 'keys' that unlock the final mysteries of the book. This involves the numbers 0, 31, and 93; and for now, this is all I am liberty to say about the subject, which will be covered in a future installment of this series. My intention is to eventually cover the entire book, and in this first installment, I will cover the basics that formulate the Law of Thelema. I will likely skip around the chapters and verses, so that similar subject matter will appear together, instead of presenting it as it appears in the book, which in the past, had been confusing to people because the text skips around from subject to subject, save for the fact that the three chapters are each in turn, 'spoken' by Nuit, Hadit, and Ra-Hoor-Khuit, respectively.  

I hope that all readers of the Maybe Quarterly enjoy this article series on the Thelemic Book of the Law, and if there are any questions, please feel free to write me at the following e-mail address:


The Book of the Law:

The Book of the Law , or Liber Al vel Legis , was received by Aleister Crowley from a praeternatural intelligence who identified himself as Aiwass, whom Crowley later defined as his own Holy Guardian Angel. Aiwass called himself "the minister of Hoor-Par-Kraat," who is the Lord of Silence. The Book was received from 12:00pm to 1:00pm over the course of three days; April 8, 9, and 10, 1904 in Cairo, Egypt, where Crowley and his wife Rose were vacationing during that time. Aiwass dictated the book to Crowley, who wrote down everything he heard from the disembodied spirit. Prior to the reception of The Book of the Law , Rose had told her husband, that "He is waiting for you."

Crowley had devised a series of tests for Rose, to determine if her clairvoyance had any accuracy associated with it. She told Crowley that it was 'Horus' who waited for him. They embarked upon test no. 4, which transpired at the Boulaq museum in Cairo. Rose and Aleister walked past many typical depictions of Horus, the Hawk-headed God of the Sun and Sky. However, when they came upon an obscure funerary stele from the 26th dynasty, Rose acknowledged that this was the one who waited for her husband.

On the wooden stele, there was Ra-Hoor-Khuit, a form of Horus, who was there to honor the priest Ankh-f-n-khonsu. The stele was numbered 666, which was the number that Crowley identified as his Cabalistic number. The number six, on the Cabalistic Tree of Life, relates to the Sun and its' solar energies. The original definition of 666 referred to a triplicity of this energy, and was not originally associated with evil or Satan, as it is today. My own feeling on this is that as Lucifer is the Angel of Light, it is natural that he is associated with the number 6, and its' triple 666, which may have been an expression of the first trinity. Lucifer is known as the Sun of the morning. The morning Sun is the Sun that travels across the sky, from its' rise in the East to its' setting in the West, day after day. This may very well be the origin of the 666 triplicity, which directly corresponds to the Sun on the Tree of Life. If so, this is also a pre-Christian correspondence.

The Book of the Law is a new Law for humanity. It speaks of Thelema (Greek for 'will'), Love, Will and True Will, and it also announces a New Aeon. This is the Aeon of Horus, the Crowned and Conquering Son. The two previous aeons were those of Isis and Osiris, and were typified by matriarchal and patriarchal societies, respectively. The new aeon of Horus recognizes that it is the individual him or herself that is self-responsible, and not the women or men leaders of the various societal structures such as religion and politics.

To this, Crowley wrote:

"Above us today hangs a danger never yet paralleled in history. We suppress the individual in more and more ways. We think in terms of the herd. War no longer kills soldiers; it kills all indiscriminately. Every new measure of the most democratic and autocratic governments are Communistic in essence. It is always restriction. We are all treated as imbecile children.

Fascism is like Communism, and dishonest into the bargain. The dictators suppress all art, literature, theatre, music, news that does not meet their requirements; yet the world only moves by the light of genius. The herd will be destroyed en masse.

The establishment of the Law of Thelema is the only way to preserve individual liberty and to assure the future of the race. In the words of the famous paradox of the Comte de Fenix - The absolute rule of the state shall be a function of the absolute liberty of each individual will."

--- Liber Al vel Legis , The Book of the Law; Centennial Edition (2004), pgs. 20-21.


Thelema = Will:

Thelema is the Greek word for Will. A person's Will is used in two ways; first, it is used to take control over the internal mind and being. This is done through Buddhist meditation and training first the mind, and then, once the mind is under the magician's control, he then begins to work on the Will. It is the Will that extends this influence and control to the outside world, and the reality beyond our five senses. Once the Will is honed and sharpened, the magician then begins to exert his influence over the unseen world of Angelic energies.

Having an indefatigable Will is essential to a successful undertaking of the Great Work. It is ultimately how the magician succeeds in the many trials and tribulations of this life path. The many ordeals that lie before the magician are solved with a developed Will, such as the eventual crossing of the Abyss, and confronting the dweller of those parts, the demon Choronzon. This encounter, for myself at least, wasn't all that harrowing of an experience. What eventually helped me out the most was thinking quickly, and this was useful in listening to his incessant babbling of a long litany of riddles and puzzles.

As there is a great deal of study work involved, becoming a Master of the Temple is the equivalent of getting a PhD. in magick. There is the course work involving the Thelemic canon, as well as the long list of other subjects that must also be understood, in order to place magick in its' proper context. These include mathematical logic, philosophy, ontology, eastern mysticism, classical literature, familiarity with other magical systems (goetia, enochian, tarot, qabbala, numerology, astrology, symbolism, and Gemtaria), theosophy, sacred geometry, esoteric Egyptology, the history of world religions, Hebrew language - just to name a few of the subject areas that are to be covered.


What is True Will?

Simply put, one's True Will is their essential nature, and it is what one has been put in this life to achieve, as it is every bit as important as Knowledge and Conversation of the Holy Guardian Angel, which is also known as Union with God. Because every one of us is here for a wholly unique experience and reason for being, as long as we are doing our own True Will, we cannot interfere with another person's True Will.

For example, the spectacular artist known as Nemo has a True Will that allows him to earn a living from his uniquely individual talent. If Nemo were a computer programmer, he would not be fulfilling his True Will as an artist. For another example, the magician author of this document has a True Will that has him working as a researcher, writer, and teacher. When I worked as a computer software tester for Microsoft, I was not properly fulfilling my True Will as a writer and teacher of magick, esotericism, ontology, and mysticism. My magick students have learned many helpful ways in which magick can be implemented in their lives to help them make better decisions.

In The Heart of the Master, a treatise written on September 23, 1938; Aleister Crowley had the following to say about ones' True Will:

"The true self is the meaning of the True Will. [ ... ] all men live in sin, being baulked of their True Will, that is, of the free function of their essential nature. [ ... ] The way of perfection is twofold; first, the True Will must be consciously grasped by the mind, and this work is akin to that called the Attainment of the Knowledge and Conversation of the Holy Guardian Angel. Second, as it is written: "Thou hast no right but to do thy Will," each particle of energy which the instrument is able to develop must be diverted to the doing of that Will ..."


How do I know if I am doing my own True Will?

Doing ones' True Will brings a unique sense of achievement and satisfaction, once the realization hits that the individual is responsible for their own destiny, and they have no one to keep them from achieving this measure of success. While working for a faceless corporation brings a steady paycheck, it is that very steady paycheck that also limits the individual to a particular level of success. If one knows what their True Will is telling them to do, then the skies' the limit, as far as success is concerned. Also, it is especially important to the individuals' self-esteem and self-worth, for them to be doing their own True Will. It brings a level of success that almost always surpasses the success that the individual sees for themselves.

Do you feel great about what you do for a living, or is it just a weekly paycheck to you?

Those of us who are doing our own True Will cannot wait to get to work each day, because to us, it is not really work, but play. This brings a whole new level of satisfaction and achievement that those who work merely for their weekly paycheck do not have. Knowing ones' true purpose for being is one of the most exciting realizations that anyone could ever come to!


What does "Do what thou wilt" mean?

"Do what thou wilt" means "Discover your own True Will." This means doing what you, in this lifetime, are here to do. If you are doing your True Will, you will not interfere with anyone else's life-path.

However, opponents of both Crowley and Thelema allege that "Do what thou wilt" must mean "Do whatever the hell you want, damn the consequences!" in their attempts to libel Thelemites as Satanists and devil worshippers and practitioners of black magic. Nothing could be further from the truth, as one of the balancing elements of Will is Love, and demonization of Thelema casts suspicion upon other organized religions, for as Thelema advocates personal freedom and liberty, along with self-responsibility for all the individual's actions - why would organized religion be against that? Could it be that these other organized religions harbor an unspoken agenda of control of their acolytes? Why would they otherwise be against personal freedom and liberty?!


What's the deal with those 93's?

93 is the numerical value of Thelema (Greek for Will) and Agapé (Greek for Love), two of the primary aspects of the Law of Thelema. 93 is also the value for Aiwaz (dictated The Book of the Law to Crowley in April 1904), plus the magickal formulas of LAShTAL (the primary formula of the New Aeon and of sex magick) and FIOAF (IAO is the supreme deity of the Gnostics, and represents the phallus and the kteis/vagina uniting under the vibration of the Ophidian current to produce a son in the Qabbalistic archetypal world of Atziluth).

As a greeting, 93 serves as short-hand for "Do what thou wilt shall be the whole of the Law" and "Love is the Law, love under will." These were Crowley's first and last sentences in all of his correspondence. In e-mail and written communication, it is typical to see 93 93/93 at the bottom of a message. This is both "Do what thou wilt shall be the whole of the Law" and "Love is the Law, love under will." It is spoken as "93's" or "Ninety-three's."

The Book of the Law contains several mathematical puzzles and ciphers within its' text. One of these involves the number 93 and the value of p 3.1 415 93 . If the reader will notice, the first two numbers are 31 and the last two are 93, which is a tripling of the 31. This represents an expression of the Supernal Triad of the Tree of Life, which are the following sephira; 1. Kether, 2. Chockmah, and 3. Binah. This is a clue to solving the mathematical quandaries of the Book of the Law.

The number 31 is reflected in the three-in-one God-forms which exist in most religions as the metaphorical mother, father, and child. In Christianity, this is Mary, Joseph, and Jesus; and later on, it becomes the father, son, and holy ghost. The Book of the Law is a threefold book, and thus, 31 x 3 = 93. With both its' singular and threefold aspects, The Book of the Law , and the secrets thereof, are coincidentally concealed within p 3.1 415 93 . The number 31 is the correspondence of AL, which is known as God. The second number 31 represents LA, 'not,' which is also known as a Key to the book. The third number 31, is ShT; the formulae of the Aeon. Sh represents fire, and T represents force, together they express Ra-Hoor-Khuit, the result of the union of AL (man = Hadit) and not-man (woman = Nuit) LA. Together, AL + LA = ShT (or N + H = RHK) forms the final 93 of p and the central numerical value of the Thelemic system itself.

In Thelema, we have the following trinity of Nuit, Hadit, and Ra-Hoor-Khuit.

Nuit is the main speaker in the first chapter of the Book of the Law. Nuit was the Sky Goddess of Ancient Egypt, and was depicted as having a body that is covered with stars and forms an arch, which symbolizes the skies. The Ancient Egyptians believed that Ra, the Sun God, entered Nuit's mouth each day at sunset, and passed through her vagina the next morning at sunrise. Nuit was married to Seb, and together, they had the following children; Osiris, Horus, Isis, Set, and Nephthys.

Nuit may also appear written as Nut, or Nu.  

Hadit is the main speaker of chapter two of the Book of the Law. Hadit is known as the flashpoint of inspiration, and in one sense, is the firey furnace of the universe, where planets and other objects are forged and birthed. Hadit refers to himself as the point in the center of the circle, and "the flame that burns in every heart of man, and in the core of every star." Hadit has been called an allegory for the inner soul of the human being, and on the Stele of Revealing, Hadit is shown as the winged disk of the Sun.

Ra-Hoor-Khuit is the primary speaker in the third chapter of the Book of the Law. His name means "Ra, who is Horus of the two horizons." Ra-Hoor-Khuit is a God of war and vengeance, so says he in the third chapter of the Book of the Law. Together with Nuit and Hadit, the three deities are symbolized by the macrocosmic hexagram. In this design, the entire six-pointed star represents Ra-Hoor-Khuit, while the two triangles represent Nuit and Hadit, respectively. Within the Thelemic system, Ra-Hoor-Khuit is known as the Lord of the Aeon, which began in 1904, upon the reception of the threefold Book of the Law. As a form of Horus, Ra-Hoor-Khuit is also known as the Crowned and Conquering Child, who is representative of the New Aeon.


Was Aleister Crowley a Satanist?

Absolutely not! Satan is not a part of the Thelemic pantheon, and nowhere is Satan mentioned in The Book of the Law itself. This is a label that has been thrust upon Crowley by ignorant Christians, who had obviously never read a single bit of Crowley's writing! During his lifetime, he was known as "the wickedest man on earth" and because he associated himself with the Qabalistic number 666, his negative image grew in the eyes of the unknowing. While it is quite true that Crowley eschewed all forms of organized religion, most especially the fundamental Christianity practiced by his own parents, this did not mean that he was a Satanist. I will remind the reader that he did very little writing on Satan as a dualistic antithesis to Jesus Christ, and the few comments he made on the subject can in no way be construed as his believing in or having an allegiance to such negative energy.

The Thelemic pantheon consists of many God-forms from earlier times, and included those from Ancient Egypt, the Enochian Angels, and other Astro-Theological beings, for a few short examples.

On pg. 277 of Liber ABA, Crowley wrote:

"The devil does not exist. It is a false name invented by the Black Brothers to imply a Unity in their ignorant muddle of dispersions. A devil who had unity would be a God."

The footnote at the bottom of the page explains that;

"'The Devil' is, historically, the God of any people that one personally dislikes ..."


Was Aleister Crowley a practitioner of Black Magic?

Black magic in today's world has a heavily evil connotation, and is associated with devil-worshipping, sacrifice of animals and humans, and pacts with the devil - such as selling ones' eternal soul for monetary gain here in this current lifetime. Crowley further defined black magic as being that which is practiced without devotion, and those who are not performing their True Wills, are said to be committing Black Magick. Further, black magick is defined as the left-hand path, which is practiced by the Black Brothers.

Opponents of Crowley and Thelema point to a single allegorical statement made in Liber ABA, cap. XII Of The Bloody Sacrifice, pgs. 206-207, as proof that Crowley was a Satanist who committed human sacrifice on a regular and ongoing basis. About this special form of self-sacrifice, he wrote the following:

"For the highest spiritual working one must accordingly choose that victim which contains the greatest and purest force. A male child of perfect innocence and high intelligence* is the most satisfactory and suitable victim." **

Footnotes from Liber ABA:

* - It appears from the Magical Records of Frater Perdurabo that He made this particular sacrifice on an average about 150 times every year between 1921 e.v. and 1928 e.v. Consider J.K. Huysmans' La-Bas, where a perverted form of Magic of an analogous order is described.

** - Although Crowley intersperses cautions against literal interpretation of his remarks throughout this chapter, his detractors frequently cite this statement out of context to assert that he advocated literal human sacrifice, a practice he repudiated.  

The reader should become aware of the fact that Thelema uses the practice of something called Sex Magick, which is a form of magic that utilizes sexual energy as a manner of launching spells and magical operations. Keeping this in mind, it then becomes obvious that what Crowley is truly couching in allegory, are details of his frequent masturbation! Masturbation, by definition, could definitely be considered a form of self-sacrifice.


I:3 - Every man and every woman is a star.

The above means that we are all here in our own orbits, which do not conflict with the orbits of other stars, who are out there doing their own thing. If one is doing their own True Will, then there is no way under the Thelemic system, to disrupt the True Will of another. In fact, The Book of the Law mentions several times that one should be left alone to fulfill whatever it was that delivered them to this lifetime, and it provides steps to follow in which to accomplish this very thing.  

Each star is the center of their very own universe, in which they are omnipotent. Part of the path that all Thelemites set forth upon, is to uncover the God within. If we are all made in Gods' own image, then on some level, we are all of God itself. The reason why the structure of global society seeks to stultify the individuality of as many of us as they can, is because the herd mentality (or groupthink) annihilates the God within us all.

This is but one reason why the answer to a great deal of our current problems can be solved by the simple reemergence of the self-responsible human. This is why the system abhors individuals with strong forces of will, such as I displayed during my public elementary through high school years. I was always in trouble and was targeted as a problem child, simply because I thought independently. My teachers were always writing on my report cards; "has problems with authority," "does not follow directions," and is "too much of an independent thinker."

Imagine my being in trouble for thinking too independently! Even as a child and teenager, this concept of thinking too independently was abhorrent to me!!


I:40 - Do what thou wilt shall be the whole of the Law.

I:57 - Love is the law, love under will.

These two statements are known as the Law of Thelema. They represent the twin concepts of Will (Thelema) and Love (Agapé). The values of the Greek letterforms in both of these words numerate to 93. Words that have meaningful relations to other words because they add up to the same numerical value, help Thelemites to understand and navigate through the training and development of their own metamorphosis into a practicing ceremonial magician.

Opponents of Thelema, who throw baseless accusations of Satanism and black magic, always try to assert that "Do what thou wilt" somehow means "Do whatever the hell you want, damn the consequences!" This alone proves that such people don't even bother to properly research the subject before they start their accusations, which are never rooted in reality, and such people eventually kill their own credibility by putting forth inaccurate information.

"Do what thou wilt" actually means "Discover your own True Will."

What am I in this lifetime to do? In what direction do I always seem to be led?

In my case, I am a writer and a teacher, and this is the basis and motivation behind my writing here in the Maybe Quarterly. I want to be able to show people that magick is a helpful tool in my possession, as I navigate these evermore uncertain times in which we all live. I began writing about this subject because many of you asked if I would publish an example of one of my self-authored rituals. I responded by publishing a two-part excerpt of a series of protection evocations, which were performed under the light and energies of the full Moon. These protection rituals were for the protection of my son during my wife's pregnancy.

Today, at twenty-months old, he is absolutely obsessed with his "Moonie." This was but one of many proofs that the 741 Working was an unabashed success. Everything we evoked and invoked and asked for, all came to pass. He is of a very high intelligence, has language skills that are well ahead of his chronological age, and he is a lover of truth. Beyond this, he has been very interested in the books in Daddy's magic library, and just like both his parents, he is also a lover of all types of music, and is particularly interested in the musical artists that both Mommy and Daddy love and enjoy. At just twenty months of age, he has shown a tremendous interest in playing the drums, and thanks to his Godfather, he already has his very first full drum kit. He has been playing the drums with rhythm, and is not banging away without any structure.  

With the Law of Thelema based in both Will (Thelema) and Love (Agapé), it is virtually impossible to do another harm. In the case of the pregnancy protection rituals that I wrote for my wife and son, it was an example of the abilities of my True Will being directed by the Love for my family.   


III: 60 - There is no law beyond Do what thou wilt.

Discovering one's True Will, which is based in Love, is one of the pinnacles of aspiration in Thelema; while another is known as the Attainment of Knowledge and Conversation of the Holy Guardian Angel. Many spend quite a long time, sometimes many years, getting to know and learning how to do their own True Will. For me, it was life-long medical problems that developed such a strong Will in me. Once I get an idea in my head of something I want to accomplish, I proceed by doing everything on the Earthly plane that will assist me in achieving that objective. It is only when extra assistance is required, do I perform a magickal operation.

With no requirement beyond doing ones' True Will, the Law of Thelema has also established that there can be no higher motivation than Love in performing and perfecting our True Will. With our highest mandate being that Thelemites should act out of Love, we are led by a very strong moral and ethical compass.  


I:34 - The Law is for all.

The Law of Thelema is for all of humankind. It is a way of freeing ourselves from the societal chains of bondage that are strangling us. It challenges people to become self-responsible for all their own deeds and misdeeds, and provides a morality to which all Thelemites should aspire.


II:66 - Write & find ecstasy in writing!

I began writing seriously in fifth grade, when I was eleven, as coincidence would have it. Writing for me has always brought me an inner-peace, as no one other than myself and my thoughts were participants. Even if it is just a diary entry or an e-mail, I find myself with an inner tranquility.

When I had advanced to a sufficient level in my skills as a magician, it was absolutely necessary for my writing to become part of the process. I began writing my own rituals, invocations, evocations, banishings; as well as keeping my own magickal diary and grimoire, which contains copies of all of the self-penned operations with which I and my family have been involved.  

Writing as a part of my True Will does bring ecstatic moments, and it has been very gratifying for me to play the role of teacher to my students. To see them practice what they have learned, and to know that this has been a part of their own successful beginning as a student of the mysteries, has brought to me, a great feeling of satisfaction and accomplishment.  


If you want to fight, you must organize ...

In the 2004 Centennial Edition of Liber Al vel Legis, the following appeared on pgs. 159-160. These words are more prescient today than when originally written at the beginning of the twentieth century:


Life and Liberty

are threatened everywhere.

We need a


and a


for the battle.


We need a


on which to reconstruct.

And so:

Do what thou wilt

Shall be the whole of the law.


If you want


You must fight for it.

If you want

To fight

You must organize ...




This first of what I intend to be an ongoing series of commentaries on The Book of the Law, Liber Al vel Legis focused on the primary ideas behind the philosophy. To some, Thelema is a religion. To me, it has always been a moral code or ethical philosophy of life. Thelema is even more important in the uncertain times in which we presently live, as the political forces exert evermore control over our lives with their constant surveillance of every aspect of our lives. Our lives and our liberty are threatened by these forces, and as part of the solution to this problem, I have decided that one of the ways in which I would help to combat these forces is to further promulgate the philosophy of Thelema.

It is my hope that readers of the Maybe Quarterly will find these commentaries to be useful in helping them to identify what Thelema is exactly, and perhaps even to study it for themselves. As a Thelemite, nothing would bring me more satisfaction than for some readers of these very words deciding that Thelema is worth investigating further. And by doing so, they are helping me to fulfill my own True Will ... this is how it works, people.


Recommended For Further Study of Thelema:

The following books will greatly assist the curious reader in their investigations of Thelema, and what it is that Thelema can bring to their own lives:

del Campo, Gerald - New Aeon Magick: Thelema Without Tears; (1994, 1999)

Crowley, Aleister (ed.) - The Equinox vol. I nos. 1-10; (March 1909 to September 1913)

Crowley, Aleister - The Holy Books of Thelema; (1983)

Crowley, Aleister - Liber ABA (Book 4 Magick); Second Revised Edition; (1913, 1930, 1936, 1994, 1997)

Crowley, Aleister - Liber Al vel Legis, The Book of the Law [Centennial Edition]; (1926, 1938, 2004)

Crowley, Aleister - The Law Is For All: The Authorized Popular Commentary to The Book of the Law; (1996, 1998, 2002)

Crowley, Aleister - Magick Without Tears; (1972, 1982, 1991)



The following source materials were used in the writing of this commentary on The Book of the Law:

Crowley, Aleister - The Confessions of Aleister Crowley; First American Edition; (1969)

Crowley, Aleister (as Khaled Khan) - The Heart of the Master; PDF Edition; (1938)

Crowley, Aleister - Liber ABA (Book 4 Magick); Second Revised Edition; (1913, 1930, 1936, 1994, 1997) pgs. 207-208.

Crowley, Aleister - Liber Al vel Legis, The Book of the Law [Centennial Edition]; (1926, 1938, 2004) pgs. 25, 30, 31, 34-35, 48-49, 64.

Crowley, Aleister - The Law Is For All: The Authorized Popular Commentary to The Book of the Law; (1996, 1998, 2002) pgs. 25-27, 38, 41-44, 77-78, 135, 184-186.

Jones, Charles Stansfeld (Frater Achad) - Liber Thirty-One; (1998) pgs. 15-20, 34-36, 38-51.

Skinner, Stephen - The Complete Magician's Tables; (2006)


© 2006 Frater K.·. D.·. B.·.

All rights reserved. Used with permission.


In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, this material is distributed without profit for research and educational purposes.